"Land of the Incas"
Important cities: Lima, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Huaraz, Huancayo, Cajamarca, Chiclayo, Cuzco, Iquitos, Puno, Trujillo, Tacna
Currency: Nuevo sol (PEN)
Visa policy: Link
Area: 1,285,216 km2
Languages: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
Mobile Phone: Local sims cards are available for any GSM mobile phone (VOX, Tigo, Personal, Claro).
Country code: +51
Electricity: 220V, 60Hz
Internet TLD: .pe
Time Zone: UTC−5
Sources: Lonely Planet, Wikipedia, Wikitravel
Description: The climate of Peru is very diverse, with a large variety of climates and microclimates, including 28 of the 32 world climates. Such a diversity is chiefly conditioned by the presence of the Andes mountains and the cold Humboldt Current. The climate on the coast is arid and semi-arid with high temperatures and very little rainfall. The Andes mountains observe a cool-to-cold climate with rainy summers and very dry winter. The eastern lowlands present an Equatorial climate with hot weather and rain distributed all year long.
When should you go: Cusco and Machu Picchu should be visited from May to September. Lima is sunny from December to March. The best period to visit Amazonia is from June to August.